This product includes two Reading to Learn Books (Digital PDF)
- Book Seven: Patterns in Sentences
- Book Eight: Patterns in Texts
Book Seven: Patterns in Sentences
In this book we explore patterns of meaning within sentences, in other words grammar. But this is grammar from the perspective of meaning, of how people use language to make meaning - the functions of language in social life.
This is a functional grammar because it is designed to be directly useful to teachers for analysing texts for lesson planning, and for talking about them with students. The only effective way to understand how language works is to practise analysing it. This book is designed as a series of analysis activities, in which you will be applying what you are learning about language to texts. At each step we build up a set of terms to talk about language in the classroom or metalanguage. Whether or not we are trained in grammar, all teachers use a large set of terms for talking about language, such as word, phrase, sentence, paragraph, and the many terms for punctuation in sentences. The key principles of our metalanguage are that it is firstly about meaning, and secondly it is explicit, consistent and systematic. It is a metalanguage specifically designed for teaching and learning.
Book Eight: Patterns in Texts
In this book we explore patterns of meanings in texts, that are essential for guiding your students in reading and writing. Patterns of language at the level of texts are known as discourse patterns. We first introduced the discourse systems of lexis, appraisal, conjunction and reference in the R2L writing assessment in Book 3. By now you should be very familiar with recognising these patterns in your students’ texts. This book provides more detail about each system, that you will find immensely useful in analysing texts, planning lessons, and diagnosing your students’ learning.